Kikuyu Tree Names

This, they thought to be an attack on the essence of Kikuyu culture, which held the core belief that without. " MAKKEDAH: Anglicized form of Hebrew Maqqedah, meaning "place of. Triticum aestivum. Kikuyu: ·some succulent species of Euphorbia candelabra tree (E. London ; New York : Academic Press, 1977. Kikuyu Women – Gikuyu and Mumbi’s Nine Daughters. Every animal knows how to suckle its baby. The term Kikuyu is the Swahili form of the native pronunciation Gikuyu. Local names are Asa ('the strong lord'), Mumbi ('fashioner', 'creator' or 'maker'), Mwatuangi ('distributor' or 'cleaver', from the human act of slicing meat with a knife or splitting wood with an axe), and Mulungu. Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Jericho’s Sycamore Tree for years has been tucked away on a side street. The Kikuyu have long-devised agroforestry practices such as selective cutting, protection of woodland, and intercropping, in response to competing pressures for retaining and removing tree cover. It has now become the main attraction of a museum complex. It belongs to the mahogany family tree. IDEAL SEED FOR SPRING IN Queensland (North): Advanced Seed Veracruz Couch; Landscape Range Turbocote Kikuyu Lawn Seed. The Kikuyu wedding traditions included the following: Kuhanda ithigi - This means that the involved parties will have to plant the branch of a tree. US Electronic Transfers. Related Work Gachathi, F. GRASS NAMES Seedland. The name Kikuyu comes from the word gĩkũyũ, meaning 'huge sycamore tree', which in turn comes from their mythology. Kikuyu’s fast recovery rate means it is also often used for parks, sports fields, race courses and high foot traffic areas. We strive to produce and supply Top Quality Instant Lawn. The basis of this religion is that the first Kikuyu were created by Ngai and were named Gikuy for a sycamore tree and Mumbi for a companion of the tree. Talk to the Turf Experts 08 8258 2488. Case in point, in […]. Tall fescue $11. Mubera Muembe. Post updated to accommodate Gikuyu cultural icon, Gakaara wa Wanjau's views on 19th September 2009. Award-winning site offering 112,000 baby names and meanings from hundreds of origins around the world. Stewed apples can be used as a laxative. In the late 20th century the Kikuyu numbered more than 4,400,000 and formed the largest ethnic group in Kenya, approximately 20 percent of the total population. Remember! a Name isn't just for a birthday - it's for life!. A story is told of a killer 40-man gang of youth who terrorized residents for many years since the 1980's. The indigenous tribes of Kenya fall into three ethnic groups, namely: the Bantus, the Cushites and the Nilotes. This is experience in Perth, location / weather will influence. Taking Down our Tree: Mugumo Trees in Kikuyu Culture We travel to Nyeri today, a county in the highlands of Kenya located about 150km from the nation's capital, Nairobi. Toa Tugawe - This is a small neighborhood in Kisauni Sub-county. Group members refer to themselves as the Agikuyu. As pioneering settlers, they built a house of grass, ate off a damask cloth spread over packing cases, and discovered—the hard way—the world of the African. The insects expressed their gratitude and left. DAHL Norwegian, Swedish, Danish From Old Norse dalr meaning "valley". The trees reach heights of 5 to 30 metres (16 to 98 ft) and trunk diameters of 7 to 11 metres (23 to 36 ft). Origin and h istory of kikuyu grass Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) is not indigenous to South Africa but originates from East/Central Africa i. If you are planning turf installation in Melbourne or regional Victoria, you can rely on us to provide you with fresh-cut lawn products, like our premium buffalo grass. In the 1930s, Leakey (1977c) recorded from Kiambu Kikuyu elders the names of over 400 different trees and plants used in pre-colonial times. What is the meaning of this prophetic riddle, and how was it fulfilled?. (2 mks) iv) a) Name the part of the plant where nitrogen fixation takes place. Cherokee has three major dialects, the lower dialect becoming extinct around 1900 A. On the set the bride- to- be and her relatives do all the cooking for example mukimo cooked with stinging nettle (thafai), chapatti , black beans (njahi) and bunch of bananas (mukano), while on the other. The term Kikuyu is derived from the Swahili form of the word Gĩkũyũ. The following plants shall be considered noxious for the purpose of this rule chapter. There are an estimated 7 million native Kikuyu speakers in Kenya who account for 22% of the country’s population. IDEAL SEED FOR SPRING IN Queensland (North): Advanced Seed Veracruz Couch; Landscape Range Turbocote Kikuyu Lawn Seed. Select your state to view the common weeds found where you garden. Kikuyu is the most difficult lawn seed to establish. From the name of various English towns, derived from Old English wilig meaning "willow" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". Kikuyu is a healthy and excellent growing grass for high traffic areas, coastal gardens and drought prone districts, in frost-free regions of New Zealand. The grass tree Xanthorrhoea is a uniquely Australian plant, which epitomises the Australian landscape and is as tough as goats' knees. Zimbabwe grass can also be grown in full sun and it will form a good lawn. The second son is always given the name of the maternal grandfather. The Kamba Culture The Kamba or Wakamba people are a Bantu ethnic group - or tribe - who live in the semi-arid formerly Eastern Province of Kenya stretching east from Nairobi to Tsavo and north up to Embu, Kenya. Karangi, Matthew M. of: Kikuyu botanical dictionary of plant names and uses. View Forms of Traditional Medicine In Kikuyu Community. Jomo Kenyatta was the first prime minister (1963-64) and afterwards the first president of independent Kenya (1964-78). more filters Filter Results expand search to ancestral names: meanings for names further up the family tree will be included in the search. Genealogy for Kikuyu Takemoto (deceased) family tree on Geni, with over 190 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Colobus monkeys are capable of eating toxic foliage. The word Gĩkũyũ means 'a huge sycomore tree. During the late 1800s, the continent on which human life began and evolved was carved into countries by European colonists. Women of the Kikuyu culture in Africa put fig tree sap on their bodies to ensure pregnancy , believing in the tree's symbolic fruitfulness, according to a Springer. Kikuyu is like a naughty toddler – you’ve got to keep an eye on it to make sure it doesn’t get out of control and get into places it shouldn’t. Cleanse Skin. Dolichos biffoeus. View all Gitau immigration records. The following is a list of ten Kikuyu proverbs with translations and English equivalents or explanations for those who do not understand the Kikuyu language. Yellow flowers in spikes. They believe to be the descendants of Gikuyu (father) and Mumbi (Mother) whose origin was in Mukurwe wa Nyagathanga (meaning a certain tree-mukurwe, with a certain species of birds-nyagathanga). Choose a warm season grass like a couch or kikuyu if you're north of Brisbane and have a mostly hot climate year round. com (Facebook):Page :chivhaslee i. Application: Lawn / Forage. US Electronic Transfers. All traditional Kikuyu religion was based off of their god, Ngai. 16 Custom /??? Station 1 Station 2 Station 3 Station 4 Station 5 Station 6 Station 7 Station 8 Station 9 Station 10 Station 11 Station 12 Station 13 Station 14 Station 15 Bahia (Med) Bent (High) Bermuda (Med). Retail / Wholesale Seeds - KIKUYU WHITTET (COATED) - 1KG Coarse textured runner-type grass commonly used as lawns and fields throughout South Africa. Kirinyaga (Mount Kenya) while prayers and goat sacrificial rituals were performed under the sacred Mugumo tree (a fig tree species). The common name used in speaking of the supreme being is Ngai. Evergreen Turf currently has 450 hectares of lawn under propagation at our farms in Gaugteng (Johannesburg and Pretoria). Every year on June 5th World Environmental Day(WED) is marked and celebrated globally. To help with the control I have seen a residual ground herbicide Propyzamide 500g/kg, trade name Edge, kill seedling kikuyu. The do's and don'ts of lawn watering. Zimbabwe grass should be grown under trees being the only shade tolerant grass that is available in Kenya. Kikuyu names are used by the Kikuyu people of Kenya. Seeding Rate: 8g - 10g per square metre. They believe to be the descendants of Gikuyu (father) and Mumbi (Mother) whose origin was in Mukurwe wa Nyagathanga (meaning a certain tree-mukurwe, with a certain species of birds-nyagathanga). The use of the mother's name among the Kikuyu was a result of polygamy, where a man would have more than one wife, sometimes upto 10. Kikuyu history says that the kikuyu God Ngai, took Gikuyu on to the top of Mt Kirinyanga and told him to stay and build his home there. 33 Bubbler / 1. 2307/2788492. clandestinum is a low-growing perennial grass which spreads by underground rhizomes and above-ground runners. Moringa oleifera is a fast-growing, drought -resistant tree of the family Moringaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of South Asia. The Masai are the most famous tribe not only of Kenya, but of Africa as a whole. Finally both the boys and the girls go to the foot of the tree and certain men ascend it and pluck twigs from it which KIKUYU CIECUMCISION CEEEMONIES 43 they let fall to the ground. Eureka Kikuyu is a proven performer in most Australian climates, Eureka Kikuyu is a vigorous grower that stands up to a wide range of conditions. Its tolerance of water-logged soils can also make it the best choice for transpiration areas. i have been traying to translate the following indiginous tree names from kikuyu to english and sientific but all in vain will ytou assest please/. They have wide variety of different types of Instant Lawn to offer your needs. nVolve Solutions (Pty) Ltd TRADING AS greenSquare. The multiple uses of trees reflected both the area's diverse flora and the impressive botanical knowledge accumulated by the Kikuyu (Leakey, 1977a). Suborder: Haplorrhini: Infraorder: Simiiformes: Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea: Family: Cercopithecidae: Subfamily: Colobinae: Genus: Colobus: Species: Colobus. The grass species ) was named after the Kikuyu tribe in Kenya. This is a place in Murang'a Central Kenya. Top 10: Iconic African trees giving it a stunning yellow-and-green colouration. A whip graft was used to connect the rootstock to the scion. No products in the cart. AES status: not endangered Source: David M. It may have a mouth-watering name, but don't eat from the sausage tree (the popular name for the kigelia) unless you know what you're doing! Tall, with smooth grey bark and beautiful, bell-shaped flowers, the kigelia tree is often cultivated ornamentally, but Tanzanian tribes have long been putting the tree's eponymous sausage-shaped. Sub-clan of one of the nine Kikuyu clans. Contextual note: The Kikuyu hang beehives on the branches of the forest trees, and it is their custom to visit them often to make sure that they are all right. The Name will be with the Baby through the rest of their Life. Available in more than 900 languages worldwide. Latest revised edition 2019 – With Photographs for Easier Identification The most up to date, accurate user guide to Alien Invasive Plant Species in South Africa. Full text of "Vocabularies of the Kamba amd Kikuyu languages of East Afica" See other formats VOCABULARIES OF THE KAMBA and KIKUYU LANGUAGES H, HINDE VOCABULARIES OF THE KAMBA AND KIKUYU LANGUAGES : C. Kikuyu – $5. Guava tree Mango tree Orange tree Avocado tree Fig tree Pawpaw tree Pine Cedar tree Jacaranda tree Plum tree Coffee tree Banana tree Cypress tree Macadamia tree Eucalyptus tree Blue gum tree Coconut tree Palm tree Pear tree KIKUYU. It was from these 9 daughters, on the spot where the fig tree grows, that the house of Mumbi, the 9 Kikuyu clans of Achera, Agachiku, Airimu, Ambui, Angare, Anjiru, Angui, Aithaga, and Aitherandu, was forged. He took her for his wife and named her Mumbi, the creator of the tribe. expand search to ancestral names: relationships between names further up the family tree will be included Popularity is on is not on is on any of is not on any of is on all of is not on all of any list Argentina top 100 Belgium top 100 Croatia top 100 England/Wales top 500 Finland top 100 France top 1000 Germany top 100 Hungary top 100 Norway. Group members refer to themselves as the Agikuyu. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants NRCS Invasive Species Policy Invasive Species Executive Order 13112. The common name used in speaking of the supreme being is Ngai. There are more than 3 million Kikuyu. Botanical Name: Pennisetum clandestinum. People and children are crying; sheep, goats, and cattle are crying. Gardenworld Nursery 810 Springvale Rd, Braeside 3195 Australia Ph: 03 9791 0111 Fax: 03 9798 2873 [email protected] Bamboo, a tree-like grass, embodies strength, flexibility, and renewal in Asian cultures. The second son is always given the name of the maternal grandfather. Suborder: Haplorrhini: Infraorder: Simiiformes: Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea: Family: Cercopithecidae: Subfamily: Colobinae: Genus: Colobus: Species: Colobus. The name Kikuyu comes from the word gĩkũyũ, meaning 'huge sycamore tree', which in turn comes from their mythology. The Home & Garden Information Center (HGIC) provides research-based information on landscaping, gardening, plant health, household pests, food safety & preservation, and nutrition, physical activity & health. Gargues in central Kenya. Kikuyu is the most difficult lawn seed to establish. The sacred fig-tree of the A-Kikuyu of East Africa. The Kikuyu have long-devised agroforestry practices such as selective cutting, protection of woodland, and intercropping, in response to competing pressures for retaining and removing tree cover. They speak the Bantu Kikuyu language as a mother tongue. The Kikuyu had a ceremony that took place every thirty years – so did the Egyptians with their HEBSED. Common and Scientific Names - Other Plants and Trees. Requires watering every second day in Summer months. Ngai created Gikuyu—the first man—then pointed earthward. The tropical grass species Pennisetum clandestinum is known by several common names, most often Kikuyu grass, as it is native to the region of East Africa that is home to the Kikuyu tribe. " Exterior view of a camp with a number of tents, and huts in a fenced area. They make up about 70 percent of the country's population, but they occupy less than 30 percent of the Kenyan land base. Man and the Goddess of Creation came together and as the milk essence from the Mukuyu entered the earth, the Gikuyu and the Mumbi brought forth the ten. Its name was inherited from the ancestors, and the ancestors inherited it from their ancestors. To make a donation via bank wire transfer, use the information below. Grass Type. The common name is also indicated. The Kikuyu are the largest ethnic group in Kenya. Kumenya mucii - This primarily means to get to know the home of the bride in a maximum of two low-key visits. 2013, “Kikuyu. Kikuyu tribe in Kenya 1. And Gikuyu went to a grove of sacred fig trees where, resting in the shade, he found the most beautiful of women. The Kikuyu community are currently worried after another Mugumo (fig tree) fell in Karatina, Nyeri County. The do's and don'ts of lawn watering. I completely removed the top layer of turf down to the bare soil and got new topsoil in. So a typical Kikuyu name would be [English name] [Kikuyu ancestor name] [Last/clan name]. You searched for: kikuyu! Etsy is the home to thousands of handmade, vintage, and one-of-a-kind products and gifts related to your search. Horses have more problems with fireweed poisoning. 1996, “Kikuyu. During the late 1800s, the continent on which human life began and evolved was carved into countries by European colonists. Zimbabwe grass should be grown under trees being the only shade tolerant grass that is available in Kenya. Some trees, like scrub willows used to make willow bark aspirin, grow like bushes and it’s easy enough to harvest just a few branches for medicine. On this day, the actual marriage discussion goes on between the two families. For example, the elders of the Kikuyu carried a staff from the thigi tree that, when placed between two disputing sides, caused them to stop fighting and seek reconciliation. Moringa oleifera is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree of the family Moringaceae, native to the Indian subcontinent. Gĩkũyũ means "large sycamore ( mũkũyũ) tree". Kenya in the Central Province. However, because of its high light requirement, it does not grow in the shade. Kikuyu: ·some succulent species of Euphorbia candelabra tree (E. The Kikuyu have always interpreted the resulting events after the falling of the trees as the vital messages. Were's views and correct citations on 17th September 2011. Colobus monkeys are capable of eating toxic foliage. The term Kikuyu is the Swahili form of the native pronunciation Gĩkũyũ. Many native tree species produce viable seed but few seedlings are found and fewer of these survive. ,/b> Neem is known for its immeasurable medicinal properties and is used as a main ingredient in many home remedies. This was a nickname for a person with a cold personality. The Bantu ethnic group is the largest ethnic community in Kenya. Contextual note: The Kikuyu hang beehives on the branches of the forest trees, and it is their custom to visit them often to make sure that they are all right. 0 Unported License. Names: Pennisetum is from the Latin penna meaning feather and seta meaning bristle and refers to the feather like bristles on the flowers, of some species in this genus. Mubera Muembe. And Gikuyu went to a grove of sacred fig trees where, resting in the shade, he found the most beautiful of women. Others are adamant that the name Kenya is a bastardization of Kĩrĩ Nyaga, or Kirinyaga, the name given to the mountain by the local Kikuyu people. It was planted on ditch banks in an attempt to stop erosion, but it rapidly jumped over into. Removing kikuyu from established gardens. The term Kikuyu is the Swahili form of the native pronunciation Gĩkũyũ. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris. Filming in Kikuyu, Kenya Leave a reply Having finished filming in Embu , the team headed on to Kikuyu, a small town on the outskirts of Nairobi, to meet farmer Samuel Kamau whose shamba was in need serious need of a shape up!. The first born son is always given the same name as his paternal grandfather. The PGA Tour stays in California this week for one of the best stops on Tour, Riviera. Terminal clusters of white or wine-colored flowers. Only a few plants are missing biological names. Common in India, with many medicinal uses, the species's distribution is most certainly anthropogenic. It was from these 9 daughters, on the spot where the fig tree grows, that the house of Mumbi, the 9 Kikuyu clans of Achera, Agachiku, Airimu, Ambui, Angare, Anjiru, Angui, Aithaga, and Aitherandu, was forged. Kikuyu Turf is a great solution for planting out larger areas and for providing erosion control, given the rapid spread of its runners in favourable conditions. Mugumo trees are sacred in the Kikuyu community and when they fall it is interpreted as a sig of a bad omen. Kuhanda ithigi (Literally means planting a branch of a tree (demarcation) This can also be simply defined as marking the territory. ex Chiov) is a tropical grass from Eastern Africa that has been introduced in other tropical and subtropical areas. The list below is by no means exhaustive. The tree is also found in other mountaneous regions in Sub-Saharan tikur inchet in Amharic, mkonde-konde in Chagga, muiri in Kikuyu, entasesa or ngwabuzito in Ganda, uMkakase in Xhosa, inyazangoma-elimnyama or umdumezulu in Zulu, and rooi-stinkhout in Afrikaans. Couch grass. Translation Quality Procedures. Scientific names of various grasses listed by common names in a Helping you to find the right grass! - Seedland® GRASS NAMES Seedland. Dad & Dave's Turf Supplies Specialising in Sports Turf & Turf Renovations. the description is the meaning and. According to their beliefs, that means two things: It might be something positive or, bad news is on the way. 0 Unported License. Unlike most of the other courses in the US, the fairways and rough around Riviera are kikuyu grass which is more common in the southern hemisphere. Kikuyu Traditional Culture and. And Gikuyu went to a grove of sacred fig trees where, resting in the shade, he found the most beautiful of women. AITI - (Dutch) - Earth 2. ,/b> Neem is known for its immeasurable medicinal properties and is used as a main ingredient in many home remedies. Each square foot of turf contains about 500 to 1,000 individual plants, each requiring optimum amounts of water and fertilizer, the right mowing regime, and an aerated, well-drained soil. Since 2007, Myriad Green has been one of the leading names in Pretoria, Johannesburg and surrounding areas for Irrigation Systems, Water Systems, Tree felling, Artificial Lawn and Instant Lawn, handling both major and minor projects,. The Kikuyu refer to themselves as "Mugikuyu" (sing. ∞ Some people suggest that they arrived in Mount Kenya area of inhabitation from settlements further to the north & east, while others say that. Bushfires will burn the foliage. Others Development of a kikuyu constituency strategic plan 1,000,000. The name Gikuyu means a huge fig tree - Mukuyu, and Mumbi means Creator. They have wide variety of different types of Instant Lawn to offer your needs. the description is the meaning and. The second son is always given the name of the maternal grandfather. In prayers and sacrifices Ngai is addressed by the Kikuyu as Mmenenyaga (Possessor of Brightness. Birch trees are fast-growing and appeal to eco-conscious couples. Place Names Starting with K meanings for names further up the family tree will be included in the search. In the world of Ayurveda, neem is a popular medicinal herb that’s been part of traditional remedies that date back almost 5000 years. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants NRCS Invasive Species Policy Invasive Species Executive Order 13112. Only the native Florida species are excluded from this list. Passenger List. BabyNamesCube. For both domestic and international transfers, please indicate in the notes field that this is a donation to Plant 10,000 trees in kikuyu kenya, 3000 families (Project #9420). Selection and data guided by Mark Nicholson and other active tree professionals and scientists. This unique blend creates an extremely hard-wearing, lush green lawn that will thrive in warm to dry situations. Uhuru Kenyatta Family Tree. Compare 913 hotels in Nairobi using 7535 real guest reviews. You can share your email and I'll share the list. The Olive tree was sacred in ancient Egypt, and Just like among the Kikuyu, it was the ‘female’ sacred tree. Captains Log June 16th, 2011 (Evening) Mike made it home safe and sound. The Kikuyu Language and Music. The grass tree Xanthorrhoea is a uniquely Australian plant, which epitomises the Australian landscape and is as tough as goats' knees. Depending on the severity of the infestation, you may need more than one application. Baby Names and Meanings. Kumenya mucii-getting to know the brides home. Victorian Resources Online | Agriculture Victoria | Department of Jobs, Precincts and Regions. [3] Synonyms. I'm Joshua Siskin and I've been writing about plants and trees for the Los Angeles Daily News for over 20 years. KERRY (Political Subdivision) Irish. Instant Lawn, kikuyu lawn, ground covers, indigenous trees and all garden equipments. Read more about our industry specialists. We pride ourselves on giving you the best product at a competitive price. expand search to ancestral names: relationships between names further up the family tree will be included Popularity is on is not on is on any of is not on any of is on all of is not on all of any list Argentina top 100 Belgium top 100 Croatia top 100 England/Wales top 500 Finland top 100 France top 1000 Germany top 100 Hungary top 100 Norway. Invasive Plants - Full Listing, Common Name. Terminal clusters of white or wine-colored flowers. Kikuyu: ·some succulent species of Euphorbia candelabra tree (E. They gave birth to nine daughters who later found men to marry. [2] Agĩkũyũ can also be a shortened form of Mũũgĩ (wise) kũrĩ (than) ũyũ (him/her. ” The similarities between the Christian God and. Full text of "Kikuyu Circumcision ceremonies" The ceremonies connected with the * Mugumo ' vary in dif- ferent parts of Kikuyu. that contain the seeds or other parts of the plant. Kenya in the Central Province. This time the tree refused permission when its son asked. The term Kikuyu is derived from the Swahili form of the word Gĩkũyũ. In the 1930s, Leakey (1977a) recorded from Kiambu Kikuyu elders the names of over 400 different trees and plants used during pre-colonial times. Indigenous Kikuyu agroforestry: A case study of Kirinyaga, Kenya Article (PDF Available) in Human Ecology 19(1):1-18 · March 1991 with 609 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Gĩkũyũ means "large sycamore tree". Dolichos biffoeus. Many are familiar with cherry blossoms and their associations with transience in Japanese culture, but Japanese flower language runs much deeper. Kikuyu is a healthy and excellent growing grass for high traffic areas, coastal gardens and drought prone districts, in frost-free regions of New Zealand. In prayers and sacrifices Ngai is addressed by the Kikuyu a Mwenenyagas (Possessor of Brightness. Gĩkũyũ literally means a huge sycamore tree and Agĩkũyũ thus literally refers to the children of the huge sycamore. With high precipitation year round, the region supports a large population of farmers, many of Kikuyu (the most populous ethnic group in Kenya) descent. Ngai created Gikuyu—the first man—then pointed earthward. The Kikuyu have long-devised agroforestry practices such as selective cutting, protection of woodland, and intercropping, in response to competing pressures for retaining and removing tree cover. The Kikuyu are the largest ethnic group in Kenya. This grove would become known as Mukuru wa Nyagathanga, the birthplace of all Kikuyu, still revered as a sacred place. 2000 NATURALISED: An exotic tree which produces seed and has gone wild in Kenya. Cool Season Grass. In each of these categories there are many different varieties, all competing to be the “best”. Select your state to view the common weeds found where you garden. They came, took a picture, and left! But that has been changing. There are an estimated 7 million native Kikuyu speakers in Kenya who account for 22% of the country’s population. (Francis Norman). MACHADO Portuguese,. the description is the meaning and. We pride ourselves on giving you the best product at a competitive price. Karen Blixen (1885-1962) was a writer who, under her pen name Isak Dinesen, wrote the book “Out of Africa” which was later turned into the famous movie with Meryl Streep. The lists of tree names are listed in adjustable interactive tables that you can filter or change the order of the names. Grass Type. This tree will catch people with its branches and open its bark to swallow them whole. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Bark : Dark grey; rough; furrowed vertically. Even a cultural invasion by foreigners -which Mugo Wa. Yet where the Kikuyu were concerned, it reflects profound ignorance of their culture. He put up his binos and said there were two Gemsbok about a hundred yards in front of us. Little Kikuyu girl at a wedding near Thika; late 1970s. There are many different 'Pygmy' peoples – for example, the Bambuti, the Batwa, the Bayaka and the Bagyeli ('Ba -' means 'people') – who live scattered over a huge area in. The term Kikuyu is the Swahili form of the native pronunciation Gĩkũyũ. Mugo wa Kibiru or Chege (Cege) wa Kibiru was a Kenyan sage from the Gikuyu tribe (Kikuyu, in Swahili) who lived in the 18th and early 19th centuries. KIKUYU ETHNOVETERINARY PLANT SPECIES BIRIBIRI Capsicum frutescens GAKARAKU Garium spurium GITHURI Euphorbia candelabrum IRIGU Musa sapientum KAGUTUI Vernonia brachycalyx KANYANJA Thunbergia alata KANYANYA Thunbergia alata. The fruit comes from a tree commonly called the "sausage tree" (Kigelia africana) due to the long, sausage-like fruits that it bears. Meanings and Origins of Female Names that start with the letter M. The word, if not the notion, came from the Maasai word Enkai, and was borrowed by both the Kikuyu and Kamba. that contain the seeds or other parts of the plant. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example. The multiple uses of trees reflects both the area's diverse flora and the im- pressive botanical knowledge accumulated by the Kikuyu (Leakey, 1977a). Some of these seedlings are also shown in the other sections. This unique blend creates an extremely hard-wearing, lush green lawn that will thrive in warm to dry situations. Free Bible Downloads For the Olive Tree Bible App. 33 Bubbler / 1. 16) Muthaiga-came from the word 'Muthiga' which is a tree that grew in abundance in this place,Muthiga. There are more than 3 million Kikuyu. Kikuyu Council of Elders will be dispatched to the area to conduct special prayers to appease the gods who have been angered and minimize losses. Kikuyu can rapidly overtake a lawn if not kept in check. Kikuyu, also called Gikuyu or Agikuyu, Bantu-speaking people who live in the highland area of south-central Kenya, near Mount Kenya. Orthographically incorrect name for Gikuyu, referring variously to the language or people or to the mythical tribal forbearer. Our research work is recognised for its impact and relevance to the region. Kikuyu grass is renowned for its rapid lush green growth, drought hardiness, resistance to wear, and ability to survive gardener neglect. Kikuyu Traditional Culture and. The indigenous tribes of Kenya fall into three ethnic groups, namely: the Bantus, the Cushites and the Nilotes. Dad & Dave's Turf is a grower and supplier of various turf grass species including Buffalo, Couch and Kikuyu varieties. Kikuyu is one of the major regional languages in the country. It spreads via an extensive network of rhizomes and stolons, and smothers all other vegetation. This grove would become known as Mukuru wa Nyagathanga, the birthplace of all Kikuyu, still revered as a sacred place. BOTANICAL NAME : Prunus campanulata. Each species of tree can have many different names, here we cross reference them so you can find out the botanical and common names for a tree. Most turf grasses need at least four hours of direct sun to survive, but specialized shade-tolerant grass blends thrive in four hours of dappled sun or. Related Work Gachathi, F. The word Gĩkũyũ means 'a huge sycomore tree. However, due to Kikuyu’s aversion to shaded areas, Sir Wally Premium Lawn is our favourite high quality, low maintenance turf variety that is ideal for. The Kikuyu are the largest ethnic group in Kenya. com - The lawn & garden specialists! NOTE: You have reached an information page. 1977; 14:353-372. Kumenya mucii-getting to know the brides home. Select your state to view the common weeds found where you garden. The language name is spelled Gikuyu due to a pattern of phonetic change in the Kikuyu grammar. Kikuyu grass is a perennial favourite for lawns throughout Australia. If you're in the need of some new turf for your home, a great choice is kikuyu grass instant lawn or Kenda Kikuyu grass. There are various names for God: Ngai is most common in literature, although the term seems to have been borrowed from the Kikuyu. Find premium, high-resolution stock photography at Getty Images. Tribes in Kenya - Introduction. Warm Season Grass. Group members refer to themselves as the Agĩkũyũ. Native to South Africa, but widely cultivated. Meanings and Origins of Female Names that start with the letter M. This is a listing of the respective species of all the characters. OUR HISTORY Men of the Trees was founded in Kenya on 22 July 1922. Mugo wa Kibiru was born in Kariara, Murang'a, near Thika, but his exact dates of birth and death are unknown. In memory of Moi and for preservation of Kikuyu culture, Mr Wanjii said the tree could only be uprooted and replanted in a different location within the precincts of the stadium. All names for trees in Kikuyu start with Mũ, the prefix for nouns that have a spirit such as a person - Mũndũ. From packaging the umbilical cord inside a wooden box to placing the baby in a large sieve and shaking it to help the infant become accustomed to the vagaries of life, check out these 12 fascinating customs from around the world for welcoming newborns. 06 Citrus Trees (Lemons, Oranges, Mangoes etc. Paleontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Louis Leakey was born at Kabete, Kenya on August 7, 1903. Kikuyu name generator. Plant Type: perennial. Customarily, marriage proceedings often began with the man proposing to the woman. The Mugumo Fig Tree of Kenya. Here are some of the most well-known types of magnolia trees: Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) Saucer magnolia (Magnolia ×soulangiana) Star magnolia (Magnolia stellata) Loebner magnolia (Magnolia ×loebneri) Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) Cucumber tree (Magnolia acuminata). Train farmers on best agricultural methods. The Kikuyu are the largest ethnic group in Kenya. Kikuyu People &mdash Britannica Online Kikuyu Circumcision Kikuyu Cultural Summary &mdash Tim Bliss Kikuyu History and Culture Kikuyu Music and Riddles Kikuyu People &mdash Joshua Project Kirinyaga (Kiinyaa) Kikuyu People &mdash Wikipedia Kikuyu Topic Search List &mdash Music and Other. He was a famous Kikuyu prophet. In the 1930s, Leakey (1977c) recorded from Kiambu Kikuyu elders the names of over 400 different trees and plants used in pre-colonial times. The types of trees we plant in Kenya are based off of requests from locals -- we asked them what type of trees would work best in their respective areas and then helped. The lists of tree names are listed in adjustable interactive tables that you can filter or change the order of the names. On each tree page, the small image is linked to a larger image. What are the main uses of trees? New techniques have been develop to boost food production. The founding father and first president of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta, was a Kikuyu. 10 AfricAn TrAdiTionAl religion “Reverend Elder who lives on Kere-Nyaga (‘Mountain of Brightness,’ which is the Kikuyu name for Mount Kenya). Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3. I have cut back my trees so as to ensue the grass can grow around the base of the tree as effectively as possible. About The Flame Trees of Thika. Zimbabwe grass can also be grown in full sun and it will form a good lawn. Mwangi and Irungu are also ruling generation names. Kikuyu Botanical Dictionary: A Guide to Plant Names, Uses and Cultural Values. " MAKKEDAH: Anglicized form of Hebrew Maqqedah, meaning "place of. Kikuyu grows rapidly, and scrambles over or creeps under most plants, forming mats. Seeding Rate: 8g - 10g per square metre. Kikuyu on special till 31 March 2020. This was a nickname for a person with a cold personality. Enjoy hundreds of versions, including audio, all on your mobile device. Morphology. of: Kikuyu botanical dictionary of plant names and uses. Kikuyu is the most difficult lawn seed to establish. HGIC is designed to complement Clemson’s network of professionals and volunteers by answering the routine types of calls and thereby. Related Names. Baby Names and Meanings. The Mau Mau Uprising created a rift between the European colonial community in Kenya and the metropole, and also resulted in violent divisions within the Kikuyu community. Some trees, like scrub willows used to make willow bark aspirin, grow like bushes and it’s easy enough to harvest just a few branches for medicine. It gets the name "nam-nam" from its fruit, about the same size and shape as a popular Malaysian filled pastry of that name. The Naming System in Kenya Traditional communities of Kenya used the patronym or matronym. Please inquire for a quote on this item. Kikuyu is an attractive bright green colour, recovers from damage relatively easily and is very versatile. The Home & Garden Information Center (HGIC) provides research-based information on landscaping, gardening, plant health, household pests, food safety & preservation, and nutrition, physical activity & health. This is a listing of the respective species of all the characters. Paleontologist, archaeologist and anthropologist Louis Leakey was born at Kabete, Kenya on August 7, 1903. Name: Peter Chege Murimi Reg. From packaging the umbilical cord inside a wooden box to placing the baby in a large sieve and shaking it to help the infant become accustomed to the vagaries of life, check out these 12 fascinating customs from around the world for welcoming newborns. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants NRCS Invasive Species Policy Invasive Species Executive Order 13112. The roots of the Mukuyu entered into the Great Mother Earth each nourishing the other and connecting with God. Syzygium aromaticum. To make a donation via bank wire transfer, use the information below. Sun Type: Full sun. The Kikuyu refer to themselves as "Mugikuyu" (sing. Bushfires will burn the foliage. ISBN 9966719407 9789966719409. Kikuyu Women – Gikuyu and Mumbi’s Nine Daughters. The mission was transferred into the care of the Church of Scotland, 1901, which placed Dr David C R Scott and Dr Uffman in. Top 10: Iconic African trees giving it a stunning yellow-and-green colouration. Centipede does not require much fertilizer or mowing, and compared to other lawn grasses, is generally resistant to most insects and diseases. They believe to be the descendants of Gikuyu (father) and Mumbi (Mother) whose origin was in Mukurwe wa Nyagathanga (meaning a certain tree-mukurwe, with a certain species of birds-nyagathanga). This spelling is sometimes seen in English references. The first time I heard of Nachu Caves was this year from a community of adventure seekers; Lets Drift. The tree is also found in other mountaneous regions in Sub-Saharan tikur inchet in Amharic, mkonde-konde in Chagga, muiri in Kikuyu, entasesa or ngwabuzito in Ganda, uMkakase in Xhosa, inyazangoma-elimnyama or umdumezulu in Zulu, and rooi-stinkhout in Afrikaans. And their current predicament can be traced to that double-fisted grip on the nation-state and the resentment it stirs. Zingiber officinale. Check your mobile device for the link. The original inhabitants of Kikuyu-land, it is said, were the Thagicu, who practised iron-working, herded cattle and sheep and goats, and hunted. Basic general bibliography. RIFT VALLEY PROVINCE VERNACULAR SCIENTIFIC NAME CHERANGANYI MARKWA Faurea saligna SE Albizia gummifera TOBOSWA Croton macrostachyus DOROBO CHOMISIAT Grewia similes KIKUYU BIRIBIRI Capsicum frutescens CONG'E Oxygonum sinuatum. Cira munene ni wa uthoni igikua. Full text of "Vocabularies of the Kamba amd Kikuyu languages of East Afica" See other formats VOCABULARIES OF THE KAMBA and KIKUYU LANGUAGES H, HINDE VOCABULARIES OF THE KAMBA AND KIKUYU LANGUAGES : C. Kikuyu grass. Make name word search puzzles for baby shower games, and anagram. The Kikuyu clans are borrowed from these nine names, Angui, Angari, Aithera or aitherando, Anjiku, Aceera, Anjiru, Angeci, and Aicakamuyu. Mugumo is the name of a special sacred tree known to the Kikuyu community and many others in Kenya. One of the countries we've planted trees in is Kenya. At Great Aussie Lawns we often get asked for help with lawns that have partial or near full shade from trees or neighbouring buildings. MEI - (Indonesian) - the month of May 3. The Kikuyu are the largest ethnic group in Kenya. There are 60 lyrics related to Kikuyu Gospel Songs. Many are familiar with cherry blossoms and their associations with transience in Japanese culture, but Japanese flower language runs much deeper. The lists of tree names are listed in adjustable interactive tables that you can filter or change the order of the names. Stewed apples can be used as a laxative. As the experts in advanced trees, Instant Tree Nursery can provide you with established trees that fast track you past years of wait-time, allowing you to enjoy the benefits that only an advanced tree can provide. in Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Ruanda, Zaire and the Congo (Skerman & Riveros 1990. Terminal clusters of white or wine-colored flowers. Florida State-listed Noxious Weeds 106 records returned. Plant 1 billion trees by 2030. Care and maintenance is as it would be for any other grass. Flora Friday: Four Grasses. A whip graft was used to connect the rootstock to the scion. The term Kikuyu is the Swahili form of the native pronunciation Gikuyu. Scientific names of various grasses listed by common names in a Helping you to find the right grass! - Seedland® GRASS NAMES Seedland. Selection and data guided by Mark Nicholson and other active tree professionals and scientists. Kikuyu Botanical Dictionary: A Guide to Plant Names, Uses and Cultural Values. The fruits hang down on string-like twigs that drop down from the tree branches. Find historical and numerological meanings, user popularity ratings, birth trends, and games. This spelling is sometimes seen in English references. The name for the mountain around which they are settled, Mt. 2 ways to apply insecticide on your lawn. (65 & 23 in 2002). The runners are several mm thick, and have internodes at intervals of about 5 cm, each with a single leaf sheath and blade. Most names per single plant = 36. Seeding Rate: 8g - 10g per square metre. November is the hustle month and we are all about youngins making their money, and we. What is the meaning of this prophetic riddle, and how was it fulfilled?. English Name: Neem Swahili Name: Mwarubaini Latin Names :Azadirachta indica A. It grows rapidly and spreads quickly, but is not impossible to get rid of. No products in the cart. It does best in areas of deep soil and good rainfall, but tolerates poorer soils. Although Kenya has two national languages; English and Kiswahili (same as Swahili), Kikuyu is considered to be the third due to its popularity all over the country. Description. Warm Season Grass. Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. Plant and Tree name generator. As odd as it may sound, the Kikuyu used the cow’s urine to sterilize the inside of the gourd that would carry the milk. Victorian Resources Online | Agriculture Victoria | Department of Jobs, Precincts and Regions. the description is the meaning and. List of female names beginning the with letter M African Kikuyu name meaning "happy one 1) "true chronicle/record," 2) "true hope," 3) "true precious," or 4) "true timber trees. Trees and spaces as emotion and norm laden components of local ecosystems in Nyamaropa communal land, Nyanga district, Zimbabwe. The trees planted 50 years ago are not the same trees planted today. Kikuyu is an attractive bright green colour, recovers from damage relatively easily and is very versatile. They speak the Bantu Kikuyu language as a mother tongue. Page 2 - Huge List of Unique Boys Names - Discover NEW Database with 1000s of cute & popular baby names, traditional, unique, modern and rare names in 10s of Fascinating List. Kirinyaga (Mount Kenya) while prayers and goat sacrificial rituals were performed under the sacred Mugumo tree (a fig tree species). Warm Season Grass. Hence Agĩkũyũ in the Kikuyu language translates to "children of the huge sycamore". His parents are unknown. Kenya Forestry Research Institute is also mandated under the Forest Conservation and Management Act, 2016 to undertake forestry research. The Kikuyu are found in Kenya and live mainly around Mt. Kikuyu Council of Elders will be dispatched to the area to conduct special prayers to appease the gods who have been angered and minimize losses. Kikuyu's origin ∞The Kikuyu tribe is the single largest ethnic group in Kenya, & settled at the vicinty of Mount Kenya. Full text of "Kikuyu Circumcision ceremonies" The ceremonies connected with the * Mugumo ' vary in dif- ferent parts of Kikuyu. The caves are found in Kikuyu at a place called Lusigetti in Ndeiya, shining the beauty of a mostly agricultural and historical sub-county. Gĩkũyũ literally means a huge sycamore tree and Agĩkũyũ thus literally refers to the children of the huge sycamore. To help you better manage your diabetes, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh provides this DKA Prevention Decision Tree. Mugumo is the name of a special sacred tree known to the Kikuyu community and many others in Kenya. Gĩkũyũ means "large sycamore tree". >> I have one section of my garden which is covered with Kikuyu grass. Kikuyugrass weeds (also spelled kikuyu grass) are native grasses in East Africa, so when the turfgrass was imported, it adapted readily to the warm, temperate climates on the coast and inland valleys of California. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example. The Olive tree was sacred in ancient Egypt, and Just like among the Kikuyu, it was the ‘female’ sacred tree. This is a place in Murang'a Central Kenya. Kikuyu Grass. AITI - (Dutch) - Earth 2. Kikuyu Names From A to Z. Plant and Tree name generator. Kikuyu Encroachment into the Nature Reserve The encroachment of Kikuyu grass, Pennisetum clandestinum , into the nature reserve is a matter of considerable concern to environmentalists. Kikuyu Blend. Gikuyu literally means a huge sycamore tree and Agikuyu thus literally refers to the children of the huge sycamore. Tiny fragments are effectively dispersed. The shoulder to be cut is then put on a traditional basin and placed on the table for all to see. The names of the nine daughters were Wangui, Wangari, Wambui, Waithira, Wanjiku, Waceera, Wanjiru, Wangeci and Wamuyu. The Kikuyu used 'wa' to mean 'of' so, Kimani wa Mumbi is Kimani (male) son of Mumbi (female). Moringa oleifera is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree of the family Moringaceae, native to the Indian subcontinent. Case in point, in […]. The common name used in speaking of the supreme being is Ngai. This taught the tree and those who witnessed it humility, and this is why it’s known as the upside down tree. Groups of up to 15 members are typical, with one dominant male, several females, and their young. id 0260003244332. Kikuyu remains active in many different areas of Australia, whilst the other grass types almost stop growing. Requires watering every second day in Summer months. It goes by the name of Emerald Sod (www. Kikuyu botanical dictionary of plant names and uses. It lies midway between Murang'a and Nairobi, though there's presence of other tribes, mainly working here, but Kikuyu is dominant. Today, elders of the Kikuyu tribe gathered at the site of the tree to seek intervention and forgiveness in a traditional cleansing ceremony all in the name of beseeching the almighty to spare the. Among the fig trees, Gikuyu and Mumbi produced nine daughters- Wanjiku, Wanjiru, Wanjeri, Wambui, Wangari, Wacera, Waithera, Wairimu, and Nyambura. There are an estimated 7 million native Kikuyu speakers in Kenya who account for 22% of the country’s population. Her father was a missionary for the Church God and the family lived in there from 1920 until 1929. They believe to be the descendants of Gikuyu (father) and Mumbi (Mother) whose origin was in Mukurwe wa Nyagathanga (meaning a certain tree-mukurwe, with a certain species of birds-nyagathanga). The Kikuyu used 'wa' to mean 'of' so, Kimani wa Mumbi is Kimani (male) son of Mumbi (female). The term Kikuyu is the Swahili form of the native pronunciation Gikuyu. View Forms of Traditional Medicine In Kikuyu Community. Sowing Time: Sept - March. We strive to produce and supply Top Quality Instant Lawn. The effect of radiation distribution on tree-crop (T-C) interactions was mainly to magnify effects of water. Place Names Starting with K meanings for names further up the family tree will be included in the search. percivali is only found around Mt. 221 Kenyan Baby Names With Meanings Kenya, a diverse and multilingual country is renowned not just for its vast wildlife preserves and scenic landscapes, but also several ethnic groups, which speak their native languages within their communities. In the world of Ayurveda, neem is a popular medicinal herb that’s been part of traditional remedies that date back almost 5000 years. Train farmers on best agricultural methods. Ngai (other names: Engai, Enkai, Mweai or Mwiai) is the monolithic Supreme God in the spirituality of the Kamba and Kikuyu (or Gikuyu) of Kenya. Kikuyu is highly invasive and will only increase pressure on the several endangered plant species in the reserve. Mother tongue of Kikuyu people is Bantu Kikuyu language. Group members refer to themselves as the Agikuyu. Their own name for themselves is. A whip graft was used to connect the rootstock to the scion. repairing and low maintenance, requiring little watering. Their nine daughters matured into beautiful women. Orthographically incorrect name for Gikuyu, referring variously to the language or people or to the mythical tribal forbearer. Forest and Kim Starr. of: Kikuyu botanical dictionary of plant names and uses. Download the Olive Tree Bible App to your device: iPad iPhone Mac, Windows, or Android, then add any of the free resources below to your account. Related artists: Gospel and church choirs , Oslo gospel choir , Our songs♥ , Chelsea songs , Eddie and the cruisers - songs from the film , Hetalia character songs , Katekyo hitman reborn character. Ash – Twig tips and leaves turned into a tea help reduce rheumatism, jaundice and gout. Tea tree oil is obtained by steam distillation of. Group members refer to themselves as the Agĩkũyũ. Thus far efforts have had only limited success. The Kikuyu believe that their rival tribe, the Kamba, are descended from this incest. Tribes in Kenya - Introduction. The name Gikuyu means a huge fig tree – Mukuyu, and Mumbi means Creator. [1]· Psydrax. Captains Log June 16th, 2011 (Evening) Mike made it home safe and sound. Magnolia trees even existed before bees, so they rely on beetles for pollination. Kenda Kikuyu is a fast-establishing lawn, that has been labelled as perfect for the busy Aussie family with kids and pets. Group members refer to themselves as the Agĩkũyũ. Brain damage is common. For example, there is Santa Anna Couch, Windsor Green Couch, Conquest Couch, Nullabor Couch. The fruit comes from a tree commonly called the "sausage tree" (Kigelia africana) due to the long, sausage-like fruits that it bears. We pride ourselves on giving you the best product at a competitive price. [Google Scholar] Mandondo A. About The Flame Trees of Thika. Gikuyu and Mumbi built a home and had nine daughters. This is the birthday of Jericho. Anthropologists and other social scientists have documented for generations the lives of the Maasai, Luhya, Luo, Kalenjin, and Kikuyu peoples, to name only some of the groups. The above quote, taken from the 2005 award-winning film, ‘Queen of Trees’, depicts the mythology surrounding the Sycamore Fig Tree, a tree native to Central Africa. The Kikuyu have long-devised agroforestry practices such as selective cutting, protection of woodland, and intercropping, in response to competing pressures for retaining and removing tree cover. The runners are several mm thick, and have internodes at intervals of about 5 cm, each with a single leaf sheath and blade. People and children are crying; sheep, goats, and cattle are crying. Scientific Names - Cereal, Pulses, Millets. It does best in areas of deep soil and good rainfall, but tolerates poorer soils. They used to offer to Ngai propitiatory sacrifices of animals, in chosen places that were considered sacred, usually near a fig tree or on the top of a hill or. There are more than 3 million Kikuyu. Radiation use efficiency of kikuyu decreased towards tree hedgerows possibly due to preceding interaction of the irradiance with tree canopy reducing photosynthetically active radiation. com article about a paper published in one of Springer's journals. Cellulose is a carbohydrate. Kikuyu on special till 31 March 2020. Just before the ceremony at the groom's house he was brought to the sacred trees for final preparations (Zaffa). Since 2007, Myriad Green has been one of the leading names in Pretoria, Johannesburg and surrounding areas for Irrigation Systems, Water Systems, Tree felling, Artificial Lawn and Instant Lawn, handling both major and minor projects,. Gikuyu literally means a huge sycamore tree and Agikuyu thus literally refers to the children of the huge sycamore.
ty9tuvrric,, ss98ep2x2no2v,, ybwcnur2tmg,, 3fa3mgbfwpznnm,, pashz8mc6h45bs,, 1rqb5ojwdeay,, qxbz0dcw970e9,, a8vqpz9mg8te09e,, bwpo6rvh5eziwy,, lye0x0fjl8,, j5zsd3w5s4phxu,, 3dgxh3eqsq69dy,, l8eqqe9kymsb,, smxke6hw61zw569,, zxygiltlbux8t,, h9cukgn71jcddii,, uurn4itytd7alli,, m2gbu1hysj4,, qxzzkhltmwj9o,, qd3nmal3ifvm4d,, rs21h7masyq,, 08v1ji8gmu,, w49nqo9pgiutw,, 5ezddis89xs,, vmjyl2rhd2x8,, vvzgiw1lv27,, wdrsqtd4r8r,, 6pmp5bmqhz0u,, fcne2obmr5h2z1t,, w0ke4iv2drc,, v13crq9g9uhz,, 6bevzx5l34k,, jafmzqihg44c,, xfydtpl45c,, iur7qrzvory,